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    PrEP Video Library
      How effective are condoms at preventing HIV transmission?

      Protect Angel v3

      • When used correctly and consistently, latex condoms are highly effective in protecting against HIV and many other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
      • For added protection, PrEP or pre-exposure prophylaxis – a once daily pill available by prescription – is another very effective prevention option for those who do not have HIV.
      • Ongoing antiretroviral (ARV) treatment also plays an important role in the prevention of HIV, making it significantly less likely for someone who has HIV to pass the virus to others.

      What is PrEP?
      PrEP, short for pre-exposure prophylaxis, is a once-daily pill, available by prescription for people who do not have HIV. PrEP has been found to be very effective at reducing risk of getting HIV. As of the writing of this information, the FDA has only approved one drug for use as PrEP, which is sold under the brand name Truvada.

      Should I consider PrEP?

      PrEP is for people who do not have HV to help reduce the risk of getting HIV in the future. It is intended for use by anyone at risk of being exposed to HIV through sex or injecting drugs, who are ready to take a daily pill. PrEP provides added protection for someone whose partner has HIV.

      People who use PrEP must commit to taking it every day and seeing their health care provider for follow-up and testing every three months.

      PrEP is currently approved for people who are 18 years of age and older.

      How effective is PrEP?
      PrEP has been shown to reduce the risk of getting HIV by more than 90 percent. It is important to take PrEP exactly as prescribed by your health care provider. Some studies suggest that it takes at least seven days of daily use for PrEP to reach effectiveness. Condoms should be used for added protection and to protect against other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Consult with a health care provider to confirm the appropriate protocol.

      If I start PrEP, can I stop?
      With guidance from a health care provider, people can safely start and stop taking PrEP at different times in their lives. Anytime you start PrEP, it is important to remember that it generally takes at least seven days of daily use to reach effectiveness. It is important to consult a health care provider before starting or ending treatment to ensure the effectiveness of PrEP and confirm the appropriate protocol.

      Where can I get PrEP and how much does it cost?
      PrEP is only available with a prescription from a health care provider. Many private insurance plans cover PrEP, as does Medicaid, the state-run health program for lower-income persons. If you do not have insurance, ask your health care provider about pharmaceutical patient assistance programs which may be able to offset the cost of the medication.

      What is PEP?
      PEP, short for post-exposure prophylaxis, is emergency protection taken after possible exposure to HIV. It is available only with a doctor’s prescription. Treatment must begin within 72 hours of exposure and be taken every day thereafter for 28 days. If you think you were exposed to HIV, you should see a health care provider immediately to request PEP.

      What is the difference between PEP and PrEP?

      Both PrEP (pre-exposure prophylaxis) and PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis) are medications for people who do not have HIV to help protect against HIV. One big difference is that PrEP is taken before you are potentially exposed to HIV, and PEP is an emergency medication taken as soon as possible after you may have been exposed to HIV. PEP is intended as an emergency response, not as an ongoing protective measure. PrEP is intended for ongoing use.

      Both PrEP and PEP are only available by prescription. Talk with a health care provider about whether PrEP or PEP is an option for you and to get guidance on use and effectiveness.

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